Jute is a versatile, natural fiber that has been used for thousands of years to make things such as Rope, Twine, Hessian Bags, Burlap Bags, Gunny Bags, Sacking Bags, Rugs, and much more, yet for last couple of decade it lost its world market due to over usage of polythene etc. But the recent world wide climate movement has further reminded us the necessity of jute since jute cleans the air, use less fertilizer, herbicides & pesticides, improves soil conditions. It also has high biological efficiency, sound agricultural practices and biodegradability. The ‘green’ credentials of jute bags and fabrics are excellent when it is rapidly growing worldwide awareness of environmental problems and of the need for sustainable development.
Jute is now second only to cotton in world’s production of textile fibers. Bangladesh, India, China and Thailand are the leading producers of Jute. It is also produced in southwest Asia and Brazil. The jute fiber is also known as Pat, kosta, Nalita, Bimli or Mesta (kenaf). Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fibre that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. It is produced from plants in the genus Corchorus, which has been classified in the family Tiliaceae, or more recently in Malvaceae. Jute fibres are composed primarily of the plant materials cellulose (major component of plant fibre) and lignin (major components of wood fibre). It is thus a ligno-cellulosic fibre that is partially a textile fibre and partially wood. It falls into the bast fibre category (fibre collected from bast or skin of the plant) along with kenaf, industrial hemp, flax (linen), ramie, etc. The industrial term for jute fibre is raw jute. The fibres are off-white to brown, and 1–4 meters (3–12 feet) long.